Addiction And The Brain what-is-addiction

Addictive Drugs And Alterations In The Brain

Addictive drugs normally alter the brain over a certain period. As the addiction increases, effects on the brain makes users choose drug use over other things.


When an addiction emerges, the brain is fundamentally reprogrammed to continue to use the drugs, regardless of the consequences. Situations or circumstances that relate to former substance abuse can provoke craving years later, even though the physical symptoms have stopped. This however does not make recovery an impossibility Treatment is a continuous process and people in recovery have to realize this. Treatment for addiction is evolving every day and has steadily become better over the years. Seek immediate assistance if you or anyone you know is having problems with an addiction.


How Addictions Evolve

The human brain is an intricate organ managing all willing and unwilling step we embrace. Our attitude, breathing, how we think and decide on issues, and other important skills are dictated by the brain. The limbic system puts out chemicals that elevate the mood of the user when an addictive substance is taken. This boosts the desire to continue using the substance. The extreme, uncontrolled desire to use the substance, despite its negative effects, is caused by the changes that have happened in the limbic system. Sustaining the addiction usually takes priority.


Dependence on drugs is controlled by a section of the brain. This section of the brain is known as the limbic system. It causes us to feel elated and is also called "brain reward system".



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Setting Off The Brain Reward System

The misuse of addictive drugs sets off the reward system of the brain. An addiction can occur when this system is habitually activated with drug use. When a person does something good for his or her wellbeing, it naturally triggers the brain reward system. It is part and parcel of our natural capability to get used to and survive. The brain will believe that what is needed to live is taking place each time the brain reward system is switched on. We experience satisfaction and elation when the brain now pays us for that.


For instance, we drink water again because the reward system is switched on each time we are thirsty and quench that thirst with water. Even when we engage in dangerous activities, we still feel some satisfaction because these drugs and alcohol have taken over the reward system. Sadly, the effects on the brain reward system are far much potent from addictive substances.


The Biochemistry Of Dependency

Dopamine has a critical function in the reward system. Dopamine is a natural element in the brain which releases signals to the reward system. When bought in the limbic system, substances either copy dopamine or lead to an excess creation of it in the brain.

Normal activities that set off the limbic system, like eating, drinking, making love, music etc., do not adjust the brain for addiction since they release usual amounts of dopamine.

Regular levels of dopamine triggered by normal actions are 10 times lower than levels released with the use of addictive drugs.

Dopamine is usually combined with floods neuroreceptors by drugs. This brings about the "high" connected with exploiting substances. The brain is no longer naturally able to make normal levels of dopamine after continues abuse. Typically, the drugs hijack the reward system.

The result is craving the substances that will bring dopamine levels back to normal. Not taking the drug automatically leads to despondency for such addicts.


Neurofeedback In Addiction

A method of addiction treatment getting popularity is neurofeedback. It is also known as Electroencephalogram (EEG) Biofeedback. Neurofeedback is a brain coaching procedure that greatly aids the brain to adapt to perform better. The therapy controller is supervising the brain activity while this process is being done by using sensors on the scalp. With this, the brain can improve its performance and make it better, the brain is then rewarded for doing that.

Neurofeedback supports to aim the essential effects that may be causing dependence, like

  • Dejected
  • Apprehension
  • Trauma
  • Lack of sleep

For a lot of people, neurofeedback has been a successful treatment for addition by assisting the brain figure out how to function without drugs again. This is included in the program of some rehab centres. To reach a centre that can help you, please call us now on 0800 246 1509.