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What Is Drug Addiction?

Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.


The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. This is generally because of the impacts of long haul drug exposure on brain work. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.

Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.


Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?

It could, but through a complicated process. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.


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Enslavement treatment must help the individual to the accompanying

  • desist from drug use
  • remain drug-free
  • achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular

Essentials Of Successful Treatment

Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment

  • Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
  • No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
  • Individuals must be able to access treatment quickly.
  • Successful treatment looks at all the needs of the patient, not simply his/her substance use.
  • It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
  • The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
  • Behavioural therapies are often combined with medications, which are another important aspect of therapy.
  • To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
  • Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
  • The first stage, medically assisted detoxification, is only the beginning of treatment.
  • Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
  • Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
  • A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.

How Drug Dependency Is Treated?

Effective treatment consists of several steps

  • detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
  • behavioural counselling
  • medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
  • Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
  • long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse

A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.


Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.


How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?

Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.

  • Withdrawal During the detoxification process, medication helps suppress the physical reactions. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
  • Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.

How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?

Psychotherapy assists addicts to

  • Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
  • increase wholesome life skills
  • Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication

Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.

Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.


Treatments available in some of these treatment sessions address psychological issues like

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy used to help the patient identify trigger circumstances where they are most vulnerable to taking the drugs and how to avoid them and move on to overcome the addiction
  • Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
  • Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
  • motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements

Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. With the detox behind them, the patient is then able to start standard treatment regime coming in for therapy a few hours weekly to make sure they do not relapse.


For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.


Residential treatment setting samples

  • A therapeutic community that is a very structured programme in which a patient stays at a residence, usually for 6 months to a year. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
  • Shorter-term inpatient treatment that usually concentrates on detoxification and offering initial in-depth counselling and preparation for treatment in community-based environments.
  • Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.

Difficulties Of Re-Passage

Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.